A benchmark for anomaly segmentation
Detecting out-of-distribution examples is important for safety-critical machine learning applications such as self-driving vehicles. However, existing research mainly focuses on small-scale images where the whole image is considered anomalous. We propose to segment only the anomalous regions within an image, and hence we introduce the Combined Anomalous Object Segmentation benchmark for the more realistic task of large-scale anomaly segmentation. Our benchmark combines two novel datasets for anomaly segmentation that incorporate both realism and anomaly diversity. Using both real images and those from a simulated driving environment, we ensure the background context and a wide variety of anomalous objects are naturally integrated, unlike before.